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Śrīmad Bhāgavata Puranam – Canto -1- Part-3

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Śrīmad Bhāgavata Puranam



 ग्रन्थकर्ता : वेदव्यासः
स्कन्दः १





७)यानिवेदविदाम् श्रेष्टो भगवान् बादरायणः!अन्ये च मुनयः सूत परावरविदोविदुः!
८)वेत्थ त्वं सौम्य तत्सर्वं तत्वतस्तदनुग्रहात्!ब्रूयुः स्निग्धस्य शिष्यस्य गुर्वो गुह्यमप्युत!
९)तत्र तत्राञ्जसाssयुष्मन् भवता यव्दिनिश्चितं! पुंसामेकान्ततः श्रेयोस्तन्नशंसितु मर्हति!




Canto -1, Chapet-1, Sloka -6

ṛṣaya ūcuḥ
setihāsāni cānagha
ākhyātāny apy adhītāni
SYNONYMS
ṛṣayaḥ — the sages; ūcuḥ — said; tvayā — by you; khalu — undoubtedly; purāṇāni — the supplements to the Vedas with illustrative narrations; sa-itihāsāni — along with the histories; ca — and; anagha — freed from all vices; ākhyātāni — explained; api — although; adhītāni — well read; dharma-śāstrāṇi — scriptures giving right directions to progressive life; yāni — all these; uta — said.
TRANSLATION
The sages said: Respected Sūta Gosvāmī, you are completely free from all vice. You are well versed in all the scriptures famous for religious life, and in the Purāṇas and the histories as well, for you have gone through them under proper guidance and have also explained them.
PURPORT
A gosvāmī, or the bona fide representative of Śrī Vyāsadeva, must be free from all kinds of vices. The four major vices of Kali-yuga are (1) illicit connection with women, (2) animal slaughter, (3) intoxication, (4) speculative gambling of all sorts. A gosvāmī must be free from all these vices before he can dare sit on the vyāsāsana. No one should be allowed to sit on the vyāsāsana who is not spotless in character and who is not freed from the above-mentioned vices. He not only should be freed from all such vices, but must also be well versed in all revealed scriptures or in the Vedas. The Purāṇas are also parts of the Vedas. And histories like the Mahābhārata or Rāmāyaṇa are also parts of the Vedas. The ācārya or the gosvāmī must be well acquainted with all these literatures. To hear and explain them is more important than reading them. One can assimilate the knowledge of the revealed scriptures only by hearing and explaining. Hearing is called śravaṇa, and explaining is called kīrtana. The two processes of śravaṇa and kīrtana are of primary importance to progressive spiritual life. Only one who has properly grasped the transcendental knowledge from the right source by submissive hearing can properly explain the subject.


 Canto -1, Chapet-1, Sloka -7

yāni veda-vidāḿ śreṣṭho
SYNONYMS
yāni — all that; veda-vidām — scholars of the Vedas; śreṣṭhaḥ — seniormost; bhagavān — incarnation of Godhead; bādarāyaṇaḥ — Vyāsadeva; anye — others; ca — and; munayaḥ — the sages; sūtaO Sūta Gosvāmī; parāvara-vidaḥ — amongst the learned scholars, one who is conversant with physical and metaphysical knowledge; viduḥ — one who knows.
TRANSLATION
Being the eldest learned Vedāntist, O Sūta Gosvāmī, you are acquainted with the knowledge of Vyāsadeva, who is the incarnation of Godhead, and you also know other sages who are fully versed in all kinds of physical and metaphysical knowledge.
PURPORT
Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam is a natural commentation on the Brahma-sūtra, or the Bādarāyaṇi Vedānta-sūtras. It is called natural because Vyāsadeva is author of both the Vedānta-sūtras and Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, or the essence of all Vedic literatures. Besides Vyāsadeva, there are other sages who are the authors of six different philosophical systems, namely Gautama, Kaṇāda, Kapila, Patañjali, Jaimini and Aṣṭāvakra. Theism is explained completely in the Vedānta-sūtra, whereas in other systems of philosophical speculations, practically no mention is given to the ultimate cause of all causes. One can sit on the vyāsāsana only after being conversant in all systems of philosophy so that one can present fully the theistic views of the Bhāgavatam in defiance of all other systems. Śrīla Sūta Gosvāmī was the proper teacher, and therefore the sages at Naimiṣāraṇya elevated him to the vyāsāsana. Śrīla Vyāsadeva is designated herein as the Personality of Godhead because he is the authorized empowered incarnation.


Canto -1, Chapet-1, Sloka -8

tattvatas tad-anugrahāt
guravo guhyam apy uta
SYNONYMS
vettha — you are well conversant; tvam — Your Honor; saumya — one who is pure and simple; tat — those; sarvam — all; tattvataḥin fact; tat — their; anugrahāt — by the favor of; brūyuḥ — will tell; snigdhasya — of the one who is submissive; śiṣyasya — of the disciple; guravaḥ — the spiritual masters; guhyam — secret; api uta — endowed with.
TRANSLATION
And because you are submissive, your spiritual masters have endowed you with all the favors bestowed upon a gentle disciple. Therefore you can tell us all that you have scientifically learned from them.
PURPORT
The secret of success in spiritual life is in satisfying the spiritual master and thereby getting his sincere blessings. Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura has sung in his famous eight stanzas on the spiritual master as follows: "I offer my respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of my spiritual master. Only by his satisfaction can one please the Personality of Godhead, and when he is dissatisfied there is only havoc on the path of spiritual realization." It is essential, therefore, that a disciple be very much obedient and submissive to the bona fide spiritual master. Śrīla Sūta Gosvāmī fulfilled all these qualifications as a disciple, and therefore he was endowed with all favors by his learned and self-realized spiritual masters such as Śrīla Vyāsadeva and others. The sages of Naimiṣāraṇya were confident that Śrīla Sūta Gosvāmī was bona fide. Therefore they were anxious to hear from him.

Canto -1, Chapet-1, Sloka -9

tatra tatrāñjasāyuṣman
SYNONYMS
tatra — thereof; tatra — thereof; añjasāmade easy; āyuṣman — blessed with a long duration of life; bhavatā — by your good self; yat — whatever; viniścitam — ascertained; puḿsām — for the people in general; ekāntataḥ — absolutely; śreyaḥ — ultimate good; tat — that; naḥto us; śaḿsitumto explain; arhasi — deserve.
TRANSLATION
Please, therefore, being blessed with many years, explain to us, in an easily understandable way, what you have ascertained to be the absolute and ultimate good for the people in general.
PURPORT
In Bhagavad-gītā, worship of the ācārya is recommended. The ācāryas and gosvāmīs are always absorbed in thought of the well-being of the general public, especially their spiritual well-being. Spiritual wellbeing is automatically followed by material well-being. The ācāryas therefore give directions in spiritual well-being for people in general. Foreseeing the incompetencies of the people in this age of Kali, or the iron age of quarrel, the sages requested that Sūta Gosvāmī give a summary of all revealed scriptures because the people of this age are condemned in every respect. The sages, therefore, inquired of the absolute good, which is the ultimate good for the people. The condemned state of affairs of the people of this age is described as follows



Om Tat Sat
                                                        
(Continued...) 


 (My humble salutations to  the lotus feet of Bhagavan Sri Krishna Paramathma ji, Sri Veda Vyas Maharaj ji, H H Sri Swami Srila Prabhupada ji, H H Swami jis  and  Bhaktivedanta dot Org  for this devotional collection)



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श्रीकृष्णाष्टकम्

 


श्री गणेशाय नमः ।


चतुर्मुखादिसंस्तुतं समस्तसात्वतानुतम् ।
हलायुधादिसंयुतं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ १॥
बकादिदैत्यकालकं सगोपगोपिपालकम् ।
मनोहरासितालकं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ २॥
सुरेन्द्रगर्वगञ्जनं विरञ्चिमोहभञ्जनम् ।
व्रजाङ्गनानुरञ्जनं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ ३॥
मयूरपिच्छमण्डनं गजेन्द्रदन्तखण्डनम् ।
नृशंसकंसदण्डनं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ ४॥
प्रदत्तविप्रदारकं सुदामधामकारकम् ।
सुरद्रुमापहारकं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ ५॥
धनञ्जयाजयावहं महाचमूक्षयावहम् ।
पितामहव्यथापहं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ ६॥

 


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