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Śrīmad Bhāgavata Puranam – Canto -1- Part-4

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Śrīmad Bhāgavata Puranam

 ग्रन्थकर्ता : वेदव्यासः
स्कन्दः १

१०)प्रायेणाल्पायुषो मर्त्याः कलावस्मिन् यु युगे जनाः!मन्दाः सुमन्दमतयः मब्दभाग्या ह्युपद्रुताः!

११)भूरीणि भूरिकर्माणि श्रोतव्यानि विभागशः!अतः साधोत्र यत्सारं समुद् धृत्य मनीषया!ब्रूहि भद्राय भूतानां येनात्माशु प्रसीदति!

१२)सूत जानासि भद्रंते भगवान् सात्वतां पतिः! देवक्यां वसुदेवस्य जातो यस्य चिकीर्षया!

Canto -1, Chapet-1, Sloka -10

prāyeṇālpāyuṣaḥ sabhya
prāyeṇa — almost always; alpa — meager; āyuṣaḥ — duration of life; sabhya — member of a learned society; kalauin this age of Kali (quarrel); asmin — herein; yugeage; janāḥ — the public; mandāḥ — lazy; sumanda-matayaḥ — misguided; manda-bhāgyāḥ — unlucky; hi — and above all; upadrutāḥ — disturbed.
O learned one, in this iron age of Kali men have but short lives. They are quarrelsome, lazy, misguided, unlucky and, above all, always disturbed.
The devotees of the Lord are always anxious for the spiritual improvement of the general public. When the sages of Naimiṣāraṇya analyzed the state of affairs of the people in this age of Kali, they foresaw that men would live short lives. In Kali-yuga, the duration of life is shortened not so much because of insufficient food but because of irregular habits. By keeping regular habits and eating simple food, any man can maintain his health. Overeating, over-sense gratification, overdependence on another's mercy, and artificial standards of living sap the very vitality of human energy. Therefore the duration of life is shortened.
The people of this age are also very lazy, not only materially but in the matter of self-realization. The human life is especially meant for self-realization. That is to say, man should come to know what he is, what the world is, and what the supreme truth is. Human life is a means by which the living entity can end all the miseries of the hard struggle for life in material existence and by which he can return to Godhead, his eternal home. But, due to a bad system of education, men have no desire for self-realization. Even if they come to know about it, they unfortunately become victims of misguided teachers.
In this age, men are victims not only of different political creeds and parties, but also of many different types of sense-gratificatory diversions, such as cinemas, sports, gambling, clubs, mundane libraries, bad association, smoking, drinking, cheating, pilfering, bickerings, and so on. Their minds are always disturbed and full of anxieties due to so many different engagements. In this age, many unscrupulous men manufacture their own religious faiths which are not based on any revealed scriptures, and very often people who are addicted to sense gratification are attracted by such institutions. Consequently, in the name of religion so many sinful acts are being carried on that the people in general have neither peace of mind nor health of body. The student (brahmacārī) communities are no longer being maintained, and householders do not observe the rules and regulations of the gṛhastha-āśrama. Consequently, the so-called vānaprasthas and sannyāsīs who come out of such gṛhastha-āśramas are easily deviated from the rigid path. In the Kali-yuga the whole atmosphere is surcharged with faithlessness. Men are no longer interested in spiritual values. Material sense gratification is now the standard of civilization. For the maintenance of such material civilizations, man has formed complex nations and communities, and there is a constant strain of hot and cold wars between these different groups. It has become very difficult, therefore, to raise the spiritual standard due to the present distorted values of human society. The sages of Naimiṣāraṇya are anxious to disentangle all fallen souls, and here they are seeking the remedy from Śrīla Sūta Gosvāmī.

Canto -1, Chapet-1, Sloka -11

yenātmā suprasīdati
bhūrīṇi — multifarious; bhūri — many; karmāṇi — duties; śrotavyānito be learned; vibhāgaśaḥ — by divisions of subject matter; ataḥ — therefore; sādhoO sage; atra — herein; yat — whatever; sāram — essence; samuddhṛtya — by selection; manīṣayā — best to your knowledge; brūhi — please tell us; bhadrāya — for the good of; bhūtānām — the living beings; yena — by which; ātmā — the self; suprasīdati — becomes fully satisfied.
There are many varieties of scriptures, and in all of them there are many prescribed duties, which can be learned only after many years of study in their various divisions. Therefore, O sage, please select the essence of all these scriptures and explain it for the good of all living beings, that by such instruction their hearts may be fully satisfied.
Ātmā, or self, is distinguished from matter and material elements. It is spiritual in constitution, and thus it is never satisfied by any amount of material planning. All scriptures and spiritual instructions are meant for the satisfaction of this self, or ātmā. There are many varieties of approaches which are recommended for different types of living beings in different times and at different places. Consequently, the numbers of revealed scriptures are innumerable. There are different methods and prescribed duties recommended in these various scriptures. Taking into consideration the fallen condition of the people in general in this age of Kali, the sages of Naimiṣāraṇya suggested that Śrī Sūta Gosvāmī relate the essence of all such scriptures because in this age it is not possible for the fallen souls to understand and undergo all the lessons of all these various scriptures in a varṇa and āśrama system.
The varṇa and āśrama society was considered to be the best institution for lifting the human being to the spiritual platform, but due to Kali-yuga it is not possible to execute the rules and regulations of these institutions. Nor is it possible for the people in general to completely sever relations with their families as the varṇāśrama institution prescribes. The whole atmosphere is surcharged with opposition. And considering this, one can see that spiritual emancipation for the common man in this age is very difficult. The reason the sages presented this matter to Śrī Sūta Gosvāmī is explained in the following verses.

Canto -1, Chapet-1, Sloka -12

sūtaO Sūta Gosvāmī; jānāsi — you know; bhadram te — all blessings upon you; bhagavān — the Personality of Godhead; sātvatām — of the pure devotees; patiḥ — the protector; devakyāmin the womb of Devakī; vasudevasya — by Vasudeva; jātaḥ — born of; yasya — for the purpose of; cikīrṣayā — executing.
All blessings upon you, O Sūta Gosvāmī. You know for what purpose the Personality of Godhead appeared in the womb of Devakī as the son of Vasudeva.
Bhagavān means the Almighty God who is the controller of all opulences, power, fame, beauty, knowledge and renunciation. He is the protector of His pure devotees. Although God is equally disposed to everyone, He is especially inclined to His devotees. Sat means the Absolute Truth. And persons who are servitors of the Absolute Truth are called sātvatas. And the Personality of Godhead who protects such pure devotees is known as the protector of the sātvatas. Bhadraḿ te, or "blessings upon you," indicates the sages' anxiety to know the Absolute Truth from the speaker. Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appeared to Devakī, the wife of Vasudeva. Vasudeva is the symbol of the transcendental position wherein the appearance of the Supreme Lord takes place.

Om Tat Sat

 (My humble salutations to  the lotus feet of Bhagavan Sri Krishna Paramathma ji, Sri Veda Vyas Maharaj ji, H H Sri Swami Srila Prabhupada ji, H H Swami jis  and  Bhaktivedanta dot Org  for this devotional collection)

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मुनीन्द्रशापकारणं यदुप्रजापहारणम् ।
धराभरावतारणं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ ७॥
सुवृक्षमूलशायिनं मृगारिमोक्षदायिनम् ।
स्वकीयधाममायिनं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ ८॥
इदं समाहितो हितं वराष्टकं सदा मुदा ।
जपञ्जनो जनुर्जरादितो द्रुतं प्रमुच्यते ॥ ९॥
॥ इति श्रीपरमहंसब्रह्मानन्दविरचितं श्रीकृष्णाष्टकं सम्पूर्णम् ॥



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