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Śrīmad Bhāgavata Puranam – Introduction -1

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Śrīmad Bhāgavata Puranam




Śrīmad Bhāgavata Puranam
What is the  Srimad Bhagvat Puran?
Srimad Bhagvat Puran is the concluding puran written by Bhagvan Krishna-Dvaipaayan Vyas in his full maturity, after getting inspired from his spiritual master, Narada Muni. Interestingly, both Bhagvan Krishna-Dvaipaayan Vyas and Narad Muni are incarnations of Lord Vishnu, but they are playing transcendental roles for the benefit of human race.
Vyas is a title (vyasyatey iti vyasah — the one who expands is called Vyas), and Krishna-Dvaipaayan Vyas was the 28th Vyas (Parashar Muni was the 26th Vyas). His real name is Krishna Dvaipaayan (dweepay ayanam ashrayah yasya sah dvaipaayan — he was born  in an island).  All the major Hindu scriptures in this 28th chatur-yug of current Vaivasvat manvantar have been written by Bhagvan Krishna-Dvaipaayan Vyas.
As a side note, this is the list of Vyasas in the currentVaivasvat manvantar: In the first Dvâpara, Brahmâ Himself divided the Vedas; in the second Dvâpara, the first Prajapati Vyâsa did the same; so S’akra, in the third, Brihaspati, in the fourth, Surya in the fifth; Yama, in the sixth, Indra, in the seventh, Vasistha, in the eighth; Sarasvata Risi in the ninth, Tridhama, in the tenth; Trivrisa, in the eleventh, Bharadvâja, in the twelfth; Antariksa, in the thirteenth; Dharma, in the fourteenth; Evaruni in the fifteenth; Dhananjaya, in the sixteenth; Medhatithi in tba seventeenth; Vrati, in the eighteenth; Atri, in the nineteenth; Gautama in the twentieth, Uttama, whose soul was fixed on Hari, in the twenty-first, Vâjasravâ Vena, in the twenty second; his family descendant Somaiu the twenty-third; Trinavindu, in the twenty-fourth; Bhârgava, in the twenty-fifth; Sakti, in the twenty-sixth, Jâtûkarnya in the twenty-seventh and Krisna Dvaipâyana became the twenty-eighth Veda Vyâs in the Dvâpara Yugas. In the next 29th Dvâpara Yuga, Asvatthama, the son of Drona will be the Veda Vyâsa.
In Vishnu Sahasranaam, it is said:
 Yog & samkhya knowledge, sculpture (mundane arts), action, Vedas, scriptures, realization – all these have come from Lord Janardan.

  Conversation between Vyas ji and Narad ji
One day near the beginning of Kali Yug, Vyas Dev was meditating after finishing his morning duties at  Shamyapras  ashram next to Sarasvati river (which is underground now). Through his transcendental vision, he saw that in Kali Yug, all embodied beings will lose their physical and internal power. In addition, they will not have faith in spiritual matters, will be non-sattvic, will have evil intelligence, and their age duration will be absolutely reduced. Brahmins, Kshtriyas, Vaishya and Shudras will be overpowered by Rajas and Tamasqualities of material nature.
Even after authoring 4 Vedas, 108 upanishads — the knowledge giving portion of Vedas, Vedanta (brahma-sutras), 18 purans , Itihas (Maharabharat, which includes Bhagvad Gita), and glorifying the four goals of human life of artha, dharma, kaam & moksha, Vyas Dev felt very dissatisfied with his achievements.
At this juncture, Narad ji comes in and asks Vyas Dev for the reason for his moroseness, even though Vyas Dev had realized Brahman and done a series of selfless writings for the betterment of humankind. Vyas Dev was unable to understand the root cause of his dissatisfaction and asked Narad ji to guide him.
Narad ji said that you have not actually broadcast the sublime and spotless glories of the Personality of Godhead, Shri Krishn or Lord Vishnu, in your previous scriptures. So any philosophy that does not satisfy the transcendental senses of the Lord is considered worthless. Moreover, those words which do not describe the glories of the Lord, are considered by saintly persons like unto a place of pilgrimage for crows.
In reality, the really intelligent and philosophically inclined persons should endeavor only for that purposeful end which is not obtainable even by wandering from the topmost planet Brahmaloka down to the lowest planet Paatala. So, the intelligent person should strive to get that only. Narad ji then explains how he was a son of a maid-servant in his previous life and only after eating left-over prasadam of Vaishnavs and serving them, he acquired a taste for listening to Hari katha and became a devotee or Lord Shri Krishna. Thus, he gave the message of expanding upon Bhakti or devotion for Lord Shri Krishna.

Introduction

The conception of God and the conception of Absolute Truth are not on the same level. The Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam hits on the target of the Absolute Truth. The conception of God indicates the controller, whereas the conception of the Absolute Truth indicates the summum bonum or the ultimate source of all energies. There is no difference of opinion about the personal feature of God as the controller because a controller cannot be impersonal. Of course modern government, especially democratic government, is impersonal to some extent, but ultimately the chief executive head is a person, and the impersonal feature of government is subordinate to the personal feature. So without a doubt whenever we refer to control over others we must admit the existence of a personal feature. Because there are different controllers for different managerial positions, there may be many small gods. According to the Bhagavad-gītā any controller who has some specific extraordinary power is called a vibhūtimat sattva, or controller empowered by the Lord. There are many vibhūtimat sattvas, controllers or gods with various specific powers, but the Absolute Truth is one without a second. This Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam designates the Absolute Truth or the summum bonum as the para satyam.
The author of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, Śrīla Vyāsadeva, first offers his respectful obeisances unto the para satyam (Absolute Truth), and because the para satyam is the ultimate source of all energies, the para satyam is the Supreme Person. The gods or the controllers are undoubtedly persons, but the para satyam from whom the gods derive powers of control is the Supreme Person. The Sanskrit word īśvara (controller) conveys the import of God, but the Supreme Person is called the parameśvara, or the supreme īśvara. The Supreme Person, or parameśvara, is the supreme conscious personality, and because He does not derive any power from any other source, He is supremely independent. In the Vedic literatures Brahmā is described as the supreme god or the head of all other gods like Indra, Candra and Varua, but the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam confirms that even Brahmā is not independent as far as his power and knowledge are concerned. He received knowledge in the form of the Vedas from the Supreme Person who resides within the heart of every living being. That Supreme Personality knows everything directly and indirectly. Individual infinitesimal persons, who are parts and parcels of the Supreme Personality, may know directly and indirectly everything about their bodies or external features, but the Supreme Personality knows everything about both His external and internal features.
The words janmādy asya suggest that the source of all production, maintenance or destruction is the same supreme conscious person. Even in our present experience we can know that nothing is generated from inert matter, but inert matter can be generated from the living entity. For instance, by contact with the living entity, the material body develops into a working machine. Men with a poor fund of knowledge mistake the bodily machinery to be the living being, but the fact is that the living being is the basis of the bodily machine. The bodily machine is useless as soon as the living spark is away from it. Similarly, the original source of all material energy is the Supreme Person. This fact is expressed in all the Vedic literatures, and all the exponents of spiritual science have accepted this truth. The living force is called Brahman, and one of the greatest ācāryas (teachers), namely Śrīpāda Śakarācārya, has preached that Brahman is substance whereas the cosmic world is category. The original source of all energies is the living force, and He is logically accepted as the Supreme Person. He is therefore conscious of everything past, present and future, and also of each and every corner of His manifestations, both material and spiritual. An imperfect living being does not even know what is happening within his own personal body. He eats his food but does not know how this food is transformed into energy or how it sustains his body. When a living being is perfect, he is aware of everything that happens, and since the Supreme Person is all-perfect, it is quite natural that He knows everything in all detail. Consequently the perfect personality is addressed in the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam as Vāsudeva, or one who lives everywhere in full consciousness and in full possession of His complete energy. All of this is clearly explained in the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, and the reader has ample opportunity to study this critically.
In the modern age Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu preached the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam by practical demonstration. It is easier to penetrate into the topics of the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam through the medium of Śrī Caitanya’s causeless mercy. Therefore a short sketch of His life and precepts is inserted herein to help the reader understand the real merit of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam.
It is imperative that one learn the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam from the person Bhāgavatam. The person Bhāgavatam is one whose very life is Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam in practice. Since Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu is the Absolute Personality of Godhead, He is both Bhagavān and Bhāgavatam in person and in sound. Therefore His process of approaching the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam is practical for all people of the world. It was His wish that the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam be preached in every nook and corner of the world by those who happened to take their birth in India.
The Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam is the science of Kṛṣṇa, the Absolute Personality of Godhead of whom we have preliminary information from the text of the Bhagavad-gītā. Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu has said that anyone, regardless of what he is, who is well versed in the science of Kṛṣṇa (Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam and Bhagavad-gītā) can become an authorized preacher or preceptor in the science of Kṛṣṇa.
There is a need for the science of Kṛṣṇa in human society for the good of all suffering humanity of the world, and we simply request the leaders of all nations to pick up this science of Kṛṣṇa for their own good, for the good of society and for the good of all the world’s people.




Om Tat Sat
                                                        
(Continued...) 


(My humble salutations to  H H Sri Swami Srila Prabhupada ji and  Bhaktivedanta dot Org  for this devotional collection)


(The Blog  is reverently for all the seekers of truth, lovers of wisdom and   to share the Hindu Dharma with others on the spiritual path and also this is purely  a non-commercial blog) 






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