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The Essence of Puranas – Narada Purana -3

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The Essence of Puranas – Narada  Purana



501) Radha (‘Aaraadhya Shakti’ of Shri Krishna);
502) Raadhika (‘Vrisha Bhanu Putri’);
503) Aanandaa (The Highest Form of Bliss);
504) Vrishabhanuja (The daughter of Vrisha Bhanu Gopa);
505) Brindavaneshwai (Bridavana’s Queen);
506) Punya (Punyamayi / Devi of Propitious -ness);
507) Krishna maanasa haarini (The ‘chitchor’ or the Thief of Krishna’s heart);
508) Pragalbha (Essence of radiance, courage, fearlessness and kindness);
509) Chatura (Versatile);
510) Kama ( Epitome of Love);
511) Kamini (darling of Shri Krishna);
512) Harimohini (adored by Bhagavan);
513) Lalitha (Most gorgeous);
514) Madhura (sweet and  rapturous);
515) Maadhwi ( ecstatic);
516) Kishori (Lastingly youthful);
517) Kanaka Prabha ( lustrous like gold);
518) Jita Chandra (wins over Moon God in pleasantness);
519) Jita mriga ( wobbly-eyed surpassing that of a deer);
520) Jita Simha (of a waist that puts a lion to shame);
521) Jita dwipa ( of the leisurely and relaxed walk Radha which disgraces that of an elephant);
 522) Jita Rambha    ( of better perfection than of Rambha in terms of physical features and voluptuousness);
523) Jita pika ( of such squashy and soft voice that humiliates that of a cuckoo);
524) Govinda hridayodbhava (Manifested from the heart of Govinda);
525) Jita vimba ( the redness of her lips is far superior to that of Vimba fruit);
526) Jita Shuka (The nose of a parrot is put to awkwardness compared to that of Radha’s);
527) Jita Padma (Even Devi Lakshmi is put to embarrassment as compared to the unique elegance of Devi Radha’s);
528) Kumarika (Ever Youthful);
529) Shri Krishnaakarshana (Radha had that magnetic charm that readily vanquished Shri Krishna);
 530) Devi (Divya Swarupa / of Celestial Form);
531) Nitya yugma Swarupini (She has an everlasting double personality of Radha and Krishna);
532) Nityam Viharini ( Playfully wild and non-stop);
533) Kanta (The most beloved favourite of Nandana Vana);
534) Rasika (Sips the juice of love);
535) Krishna Vallabha (the darling of Krishna);
536) Aamodini (Readily adored  by Krishna);
537) Modavati ( The symbol of  enchantment);
538) Nandanadana bhushitha (Ornamented by Krishna with sixteen Shringaras viz. embriodered dress, flowers, kajal or Eyetex, ‘bindi’ or decorative red-spot on forehead, ‘Maantika’ or ornament on head- hair central parting, nose ring, ear rings, necklaces, armlets, designed ‘mehendi’ on hands and feet, bangles / bracelets, eight hand finger rings, waist band, anklets, fragrances and ‘Sindoor’);
539) Divyaabara (wearer of Divya Vastra or Celestial Dress);
540) Divya haara (She who wears divinely garlands / necklaces);
541) Muktaamani vibhushita (ornamented with pearl necklace);
542) Kunji priya (fond of the shrubs of Bridavana gardens);
543) Kunja vaasa ( likes to live in the  big shrubs);
544) Kunjanayaka nayika (The heroine of Krishna kunjas);
545) Charurupa ( the most attractive form of Radha);
546) Charu vaktra (the most charming face);
547) Charu Hemangada (Beautiful golden armlets);
548) Shubha ( The most propitious);
549 (Shri Krishna Venu Sangeeta (The famed flute music of Shri Krishna);
550) Murali harini  ( Robbed of his flute for fun);
551) Shiva (The auspicious);
552) Bhadra ( the fortunate);
553) Bhagavati (The symbol of Purity);
554) Shanta (The essence of Peace);
555) Kumuda (The all pervasive Form of Happiness);
556) Sundari (The Prettiest);
557) Priya (The beloved of Krishna);
558) Krishnakreeda (She who is playful with Krishna);
559) Krishna rathih ( intensely unified in love with Krishna);
560) Shri Krishna sahacharini (Krishna’s close companion moving about with him always);
561) Vamshivata priya sthaana (Vamshi vata as their amorous spot);
562) Yugmayugma swarupini (Duel-personality of Radha and Krishna );
563) Bhandira Vaasini ( Stays in Bhandira Vana);
564) Shubhra ( Fair-coloured);
565) Gopinaadha priya ( The beloved of Gopikas);
566) Sakhi (The close pal of Shri Krishna);
567) Shruti nihshwasitah (Manifested by the exhaling of Vedas);
568) Divya (Of Celestial Form);
569) Govindarasa dayani (She provides sweet juice of love to Govinda);
570) Shri Krishna praarthani (desirous of Shri Krishna alone);
571) Ishana (Ishwari);
572) Mahananda -pradayani (bestower of great bliss);
573) Vaikuntha jana samsevya ( worthy of worship by the residents of Vaikuntha);
574) Koti Lakshmi sukhavaha (Provider of such happiness as would exceed that of crores of Lakshmis);
575) Koti kandarpa lavanya ( loveliness comparable to crores of Manmadhas);
576) Ratikoti rati prada (provider of such delight as from crores of Rati Devis;
577) Bhaktigrahna (attainable only by high devotion);
578) Bhakti Rupa ( personification of devotion);
579)Lavanya sarasi ( Lake-like of charisma);
580) Uma (Yoga Maya);
581) Brahma Rudraadi samradhya (worshipped by Brahma and Rudra);
582) Nityam koutulahaanvita ( with persistent desire to learn);
583) Nitya leela (Always playful);
584) Nitya kama ( anxious to unite with Krishna);
585) Nitya shringara bhushita ( constantly amorous);
586) Nitya vridavana rasa (continuously fond of the joy of Vrindavana);
587) Nitya Nandanandana Samyukta (craves for the company of Krishna always);
588) Gopika-mandali yukta (surrounded by the circles of Gopikas);
589) Nitya Gopala sangatha ( Ready to keep the company of Gopala);
590) Gorasa kshepini ( The sprayer of Gorasa);
591) Shura ( embodied with great bravery);
592) Saananda (full of cheerfulness);
593) Anandadayani (Provider of joy);
594) Maha leela prakrushta (worthy of the great romantic adventures);
595) Naagari (Highly cultured);
596) Nagacharini (freely roams over Govardhana Mountain);
597) Nityamaghurnita (in search of Krishna always);
598) Purna (Complete with excellent features);
599) Kasturi tilakaanvita (Adorned by ‘kasturi tilaka’ on her forehead);
600) Padma (Lakshmi Swarupa);
601) Shyama (The alluring);
602) Mrigakshi  ( with fluid eyes as of a deer);
603) Siddha Swarupa ( The Profile of Stability);
604)Rasaavaha (Full of Krishna’s juice of love);
605) Kotichandraanana ( Her face as appealing and shiny as crores of Moons);
606) Gauri (white and radiant);
607) Kotikokila suswara (Has the sweet voice of crores of ‘Koels’);
608) Sheela soundarya nilaya ( of outstanding beauty and character);
609) Nanda nandana laalita ( receives enormous attention from Shri Krishna);
610) Ashoka vana samvasi (The illustrious resident of Ashokvana);
611) Bhandivana sangatha (accessible at Bhandi vana);
612) Kalpadruma talaa vishta (Seated under the cool shade of Kalpa tree);
613) Krishna ( Krishna Swarupa);
614) Vishwa ( Vishwa Swarupa);
615) Haripriya (Lover of Hari);
616) Ajaagamya (Unreachable even to Brahma);
617) Bhavaagamya (inaccessible even to Bhava);
618) Govadhanakritalaya (Resident of Govardhana Mountain);
619) Yamuna teera nilaya ( stays on at the banks of River Yamuna );
620) Shashvat Govinda japshini (Endlessly chanting the name of Govida);
621) Shaswata -maanavati (Eternally respectful);
622) Snigdha (Snehamayi);
623) Shri Krishna parivandita (esteemed by Shri Krishna);
624) Krishna stuta (As eulogised by Krishna);
625) Krishna vrataa (Krishna-centric);
626 ) Shri Krishna hridayalaya ( Resident of Krishna’s heart);
627) Devadruma phala (Fulfiller of all desires like Kalpa Vriksha);
628) Sevya (worthy of worship)
629) Vrindavana Rasaalaya (Immersed in the juice of Vrindavana)
630 )Koti tirtha mayi (Of Koti Tirtha Swarupa );
631) Satya ( Satya Swarupa);
632) Koti Tirtha Phala prada (Provider of the fruits of Koti Teertha);
633) Koti yoga sudushpraapya (Unattainable by koti yogasadhanas);
634) Koti Yagna -duraashraya ( not possible to access even by koti yagnas)  ;
635) Manasa ( The famed ‘Manasa’);
636) Shashilekha ( Chandra kala in the form of Shri Krishna);
637) Shri koti subhaga ( As propitious as crores of Lakshmi);
638) Anagha (Devoid of sins);
639) Koti mukta sukha (As happy as possessing crores of Muktatmaas);
640) Sowmya ( of extremely pleasant nature);
641) Lakshmi koti vilasini (As jovial as crores of Lakshmis);
642) Tilottama (Extremely attractive since she sports a sesame-seed like ‘bindu’on her forehead);
 643) Trikaalastha (She exists in the past, present and future);
644) Trikalajna (She has the knowledge of the three tenses);
645) Adhishtari ( The ‘Swamini’or the Leader);
646) Trivedajna (Proficient in the Three Vedas);
647) Tri lokajna (She is fully conversant with the happenings in all the Three Lokas);
648) Tureeyanta nivaasini (She exists in ‘Jagriti’or fully conscious, ‘Swapna’ or dreams as well as blissful states);
649) Durgaaraadhya (worshipped by Devi Durga);
650) Ramaaraadhya (Worshipped by Lakshmi);
651) Vishwaaraadhya ( worshipped by the entire Universe);
652) Chidaatmika ( Chetana Swarupa);
653) Devaraadhya (worshipped by Devas);
654) Paraaraadhya ( The Supreme Parama Devi );
655) Brahmaaraadhya ( worshipped by Brahma );
656) Paramaatmika (Paramaatma Swarupa);
657) Shivaaraadhya (worthy of worship by Bhagavan Shiva);
658) Premaaraadhya ( worthy of achievement through love and dedication);
659) Bhaktaadaadhya  ( Devi attainable by bhakti / devotion);
660) Rasatmika (Rasa Swarupa);
661) Krishna -praanaarpani (Dedicated her life to Krishna);
662) Bhama (The Ideal);
663) Shuddha prema vilasini  ( manifested by pure and spiritual love);
664) Krishnaaraadhya (She is the Araadhya Devi);
665) Bhakti Saadhyaa ( Bhakti alone could accomplish her);
666) Bhakta brinda nishevita (worshipped by groups of devotees);
667) Vishvaadhara ( The Great support of the Universe);
668) Kripadhara (The sustainer of kindness);
669) Jeevaadhara (The prop to all Beings);
670) Ati nayika ( The Supreme of Nayikas / Leaders );
671) Shuddha Premamayi (The pristine form of Love/ adoration);
672) Lazza ( Modesty / humility);
673) Nitya Siddha   ( Swayam Siddha wiithout effort);
674) Shiromani (The topmost);
675) Divya Rupa (of the Celestial Profile);
676) Divya bhoga ( Celestial pleasures);
677) Divya Vesha ( of Celestial costumes);
678) Mudaanvita       ( blissful);
679) Divyangana vrinda saaraa (The essence of all celestial women groups);
680) Nitya nutana youvana (of fresh and innovative youth);
681) Parabrahmaavrita  (Encircled by Parabrahma Tatwa);
682) Dhyeya (Highly worthy of meditation);
683) Maha Rupa ( of the Highest Form);
684) Mahojjwala ( The pinnacle form of Radiance);
685) Koti Surya Prabha     ( The dazzle of crores of Surya Devas);
686) Kotichandra bimbadhika chhavi  (The reflecion of crores of Chandra bimbas);
687) Komalamrita vaak     ( of Her sweet and soft-natured talk);
688) Aadya ( The Adi Devi);
689) Vedaadya ( of the Originating Swarupa of Vedas);
690) Veda durlabha (Beyond the reach of Vedas);
691) Krishnaasakta ( Delighted in Krishna Tatwa);
692) Krishna Bhakta (Those devotees replete with Krishna’s consciousness)
693) Chandraavali nishevita (worshipped by her companion named Chandraavali);
694) Kala shodasa sampurna (Complete with Sixteen ‘Kalas’) [The Sixteen ‘Kalas’are ruled by Nitya Devis viz. Tripura Sundari, Kameswari, Bhagamalini, Nitya Klinnaa, Bherunda, Vahnivaasini, Maha Vajreshwari, Roudri, Twarita, Kula Sundari, Nitya, Neela Pataaka, Vijaya., Swarna Mangala, Jwalaa Malini, and Chhidrupa];
695) Krshna dehaadra dhaarini (She occupies half of His Physique);
696) Krishna buddhi (She dedicated her complete mental faculties);
697) Krishna saara ( She gave away her enirety);
698) Krishna rupa viharini (She moves about with Krishna’s totality);
699) Krishna kantaa (The topmost beloved of Krishna);
700) Krishna dhanaa (She has the conviction of Krishna’s belonging his complete prosperity including physical, mental and spirtual resources);
701) Krishnamohana kaarini (Allures Kishna with her limitless love);
702) Krishnaa dhrishti (concentrated vision on Krishna );
703) Krishna gotra (has Krishna’s gothra itself);
704) Krishna Devi (Krishna’s target of worship);
705) Kuloduha (The best of the Kula);
706) Sarvabhuta sthitaatma ( The Super Soul spread all over the Beings);
707) Sarvaloka namaskruta ( venerated by all lokas);
708) Krishna daatri ( makes possible to all deserving devotees to attain Krishna);
709) Premadhaatri (helps produce devotion among various persons on Krishna);
710) Swarna gaatri (of golden physique);
711) Manorama (Gives joy to Krishna);
712) Naga dhaatri (She creates the Devatas in charge of mountains;
713) Yashodaatri (Provider of name and fame);
714) Maha Devi (The highest Goddess);
715) Shubhankari (bestower of propitiousness);
716) Shri Sesha Deva Janani ( The Creator of Lakshmi, Sesha Nag and Devatas);
717) Avataaranagana prasuh (The Creator of Incarnations);
718) Utpalangka( wears the sign of blue lotus on her hands and feet);
719) Aravindaanga (Has the Symbol of Lotus);
720) Praasaadangka (Has the icon of a Temple);
721) Adviteeyaka (None like her in Creation);
722) Rathaangaa (Has temple as her pictogram);
723) Kunchanjaanga (has the symptom of Elephant )
724) Kundalaangka pada stitha ( on her feet the indication is a kundali);
725) Chhatraanga (umbrella as her logo);
726) Vidyudanga ( diamond as the emblem);
727) Pushpamaalaangkita (a flower garland as her representation);
728) Dandaagka (‘Dhanda’ or the sacred stick as her insignia);
729) Mukutanga (headgear as her crest);
730) Purna Chandra (glowing like a full moon);
731) Shukaangkita ( paarrot like her signage);
732) Krishnaahaara paaka (she is engaged in the kitchen as though Krishna is arriving for his food);
733) Vrindaakunja vihaarini (moves about freely in Vrindavani gardens);
734) Krishna prabodhanakati (She wakes up Krishna from sleep);
735) Krishna sesha bhojanakari (She loves to eat the left-over of Krishna’s food as ‘Prasada);
736) Padmakesara madhya -sthaa) (She is seated in the midst of the filaments of lotus flower);
737) Sangeeta agama vedini ( versatile in the Sangeeta Shastra);
738) Koti kalpaanta bhu bhringa ( terminates crores of ‘Kalpas’ by her mere eye-brow frowns);
739) Apraapta Pralaya (Never affected by ‘Pralayas’);
740) Achyuta (undiminishable);
741) Sarva Satva nidhi ( embodiment of Satva Guna);
742) Padma shankhaadi nidhi sevita ( worshipped by the everlasting funds of Lotuses, conchshells etc.); Animaadi gunaishwarya ( Replete with Siddhis like ‘Anima’)[ well-known Ashta Siddhis are : Anima (reduction of body size to an atom);  Mahima ( expansion of size to infinity); Garima   ( turning body heavy to any weight); Laghima (turning body weightless); Praapti (gaining access anywhere); Praakaamya (realisation of  desires); Inaavaa ( securing complete command) and Vaseetwa (gaining control of person / thing)]
743) Deva brinda vimohini ( capacity to control Deva groups);
745) Sarvaanandaprada (Provider of happiness to one and all);
746) Sarvaa (Sarva Swarupa);
747) Suvarna latikaakritih (she has the form of a lean golden creeper);
748) Krishnaabhisaara sanketa (Krishna waiting to meet her at a designated spot );
749) Malini (decorated with a flower garland);
750) Nritya pandita (Connoisseur of dance);
751) Gopisindhu sakaashaapya    ( Krishna attainable among the groups of Gopikas);
752) Gopa mandapa shobhini ( Lights up the platform of Vrisha bhanu Gopa by her presence);
753) Shri Krishna preetida ( she bestows Krishna’s love to others);
754) Bheeta ( she is terrified of loneliness by Krishna’s absence);
755) Pratyanga pulakaa -schita (Her each body limb is overjoyed with his presence);
756) Shri Krishnaalingana rataa  (She yearns for Shri Krishna’s embraces);
757) Govinda virahaakshamaa ( His separation is unbearable for her);
758) Anantaguna sampanna  ( Possessive of endless Gunas / features);
759) Krishna kirtana laalasaa ( infatuated with lyrics about Krishna);
760) Bijatrayamayi -murti ( She is the Swarupa of the Bija / seed Mantras viz. Shreem, Hreem and Kleem);
761) Krishnaanugraha vaanchhini (She longs for Krishna’s kindness);
762) Vimalaadi nishevya    (Radha is worshipped by her companions like Vimala and Utkarshini);
763) Lalitaardyarchita (She is worshipped by Devi Lalita and other friends);
764) Sati ( Highly virtuous and noble Devi);
765) Padma vrinda sthita (She is present among groups of Lotuses);
766) Hrishta  ( She is ever joyous);
767) Tripuraa pari sevitaa ( She is adulated by Tripura Devi);
768) Brindaavatya -archita ( She is venerated by Brindaavati);
769) Shraddha ( She is the personification of fortitude);
770) Durjaya (She is beyond Intellect);
771) Bhakta Vallabha (She is the beloved of devotees);
772) Durlabha ( Diffcult of achievement);
773) Sandra soukhyaatma ( Solid Form of Comfort and contentent);
774) Shreyo hetuh ( The cause of happiness);
775) Subhogada (The provider of auspiciousness);
776) Saaranga (Like the thirsty bird ‘Chaataki’, Radha too thirsty of love for Krishna );
777) Sharada (Sarasvati Swarupa);
778) Bodha (Full of ‘Jnaana’);

779) Sadbridavana chaarini ( moves about all over the Sacred Brindavana);
780) Brahma -anandaa ( of the pious Form of Brahmaananda);
781) Chidaananda (Chidaa -nanda mayi);
782) Dhyaanaananda (Engaged in the joyful meditation of Krishna);
783) Artha maatrika ( of the Form of Arthamaatrikaas);
784) Gandharvaa (Expert in Gaandharva Vidya);
785) Suratajna (Proficient in Surata kalaas);
786) Govinda praana sangamaa ( as though both Govinda and Radha have the same life);
787) Krishnaanga bhushanaa (She ornaments the body of Krishna );
788) Rathna bhushana ( She decorates her body with jewels);
789) Swarna bhushita (wears exquisite gold jewellery);
790) Shri Krishna hridayaa vaasaa (She stays in the temple heart of Shri Krishna);
791) Muktaakanaka naasika ( puts on pearl-gold nose-screws);
792) Sadratna kankanaayuta (has superb gold jewellery bangles on her hands);
793) Shrimaaneela giristha ( delighted to stay on Neela Giri);
794) Swarna nupura sampanna ( garnished her feet with golden anklets);
795) Swarna  kinkini mandita ( embellished ‘Karadhanis’ or handwear full of gold);
796) Asesha raasa kutuka (most anxious and restless to play ‘raasa’ with Krishna);
797) Rabhoruh ( has plantain tree like thighs);
798) Tanu madhyama (of thin waist);
799) Parakritih (holds unique body-profile);
800) Paraananda( has supreme figure of bliss);
801) Paraswarga vihaarini (She has great mobility to visit worlds like Goloka on tours);
802) Prasuna kabari (adorns hair bun with flower garlands);
803) Chitra (beautifies in various ways);
804) Maha Sundara Sundari (The most outstanding beauty among beauties);
805) Kaishora vayasa ( the ever teen-aged);
806)Bala ( Child-like, yet, mature);
807) Pramadaakula shekhara (The most charming of the dynasty);
808) Krishnaadharaa sudhaawaada ( The taster of the nectar of Krishna’s lips);
809) Shyama prema vinodini (the ardently romantic love-partner of Krishna );
810) Shikhi pincha lasat chuda ( dressed with peacock feathers on her hair-dress);
811) Swarna champaka bhushita ( adorned her with golden champa flower);
812) Kumkumaalakta kasturi mandita  ( excels with the shine of  red Kasturi and saffron);
813 ) Aparaajita (invincible);
814 ) Hema haaraanvita (decorated with golden necklace);
815) Pushpa haaraadhya ( beautified with fragrant flower garlands);
816) Rasavati (full of the juice of love);
817) Maadhurya madhura (the sweetest due to the sweets);
818) Padma (famed by the name of Padma);
819) Padma -hasta ( wears a lotus by her hand);
820) Suvishruta ( popular and admired);
821)Bhru bhangaa bhanga kodanda kataaksha rasa shara sandhini  (She applies kindness on the arrows of prayers to Krishna as released by the bowlike movements of frowns and defrowns of her eye-brows);
822) Seshadeva shirahstha (She manifests as Devi Prithvi on the hoods of Sesha Deva);
823) Nitya sthala vihaarini (Constantly visits the usual Places of her tours);
824) Kaarunya jala madhyastha ( Seated in the midst of waters of kindness);
825) Nityamattha (ever intoxicated with the love of Krishna);
826) Adhirohini (She is the means of achieving heights to salvation);
827) Ahshta bhashavati (Expert in Eight languages);
828) Ashta Nayikas (The eight companions of Radha stated to be Swaadheena Bhatrika, Khanditha, Abhsaarika, Vipra labdha, Kalahantaritha, Vasaksajja, Proshtith Bhatrika, and Virahol-khanditha);
829) Lakshanaanvita (Possessive of the righteous features);
830) Suneethijna (The byword of high morals);
831) Shrutijna (The personification of ‘Shrutis’ or Vedas);
832) Sarvajna (The Omniscient);
833) Duhkhahaarini (The destroyer of sorrows);
834)Rajoguneswari (Embodiment of Rajoguna);
835) Saracchandra nibhaanana (She is likened to the attractive visage of the Moon in Sharat month of autumn season/Sept-Nov);
836) Ketaki kusumaabhaasan ( bright like the Kataki flower);
837) Sadaa Sindhu vanasthita  (She moves about in Sindhu garden always);
838) Hemapushpaadhika karaa ( Has the graceful hands far superior to golden flowers);
839) Pancha Shakti mayi( Replete with the mystic powers of Pancha Shaktis responsible for Creation, Sustenance, Dissolution , Concealment and Bestowment);
840) Hita ( The Provider of Counsel and Guidance);
841) Stanakumbhi (The high-chested);
842) Naraadhya (Ever-Present with Purushottama);
843) Kshinaapunya   ( Sinless);
844) Yashasvini ( Abounding with reputation);
845) Vairaaja Surya janani ( Mother of the most radiant Sun God who lights up the entire Universe);
846) Shreesha (The Life-Partner Lakshmi);
847) Bhuvana Mohini (The hypnotizer of the Three Worlds);
848) Maha Shobha (The quint-essence of brilliance);
849) Maha Maya (The Great Illusion);
850) Maha Kanti (The Supreme Radiance);
851) Maha Smritih (The epitome of Memory Power);
852) Maha Moha ( The Great Enchantress);
853) Maha Vidya ( The Highest knowledge of attaining Krishna);
854) Maha Kirthi ( The all-pervading fame);
855) Maha Rati (The personification of yearning);
856) Maha Dhairya (Unparalelled Courage);
857) Maha Veerya (The Most Valiant);
858) Maha Shakti (The Mightiest Power);
859) Maha Dyutih (The most lustrous);
860) Maha Gauri (The Fairest in Complexion);
861) Maha Sampat (Unimaginably wealthist);
862) Maha Bhogavilasini (The Ultimate in extravagance);
863) Samaya (The most opportune and well-timed);
864) Bhaktida (The bestower of Bhakti);
865) Ashoka ( Totally devoid of angst);
866) Vatsalyarasa dayini ( The enormous source of encouragement and support);
867) Suhruda bhakti prada ( Pro-active provider of  Bhakti to the virtue-minded);
868) Swachha            ( The most translucent );
869) Madhurya rasa varshini (The downpour of sweet charm);
870) Bhaava Bhakti prada (The motivator of Bhaava Bhakti or the abstract notion of devotion suggestive of ‘Eko Paramatma’or the Unique Destination);
871) Shuddha Prema Bhakti vidhayani (Stimulator of Pure Bhakti, unsullied by worldly desires);
872) Gopa Rama (The Entertainer of Gopas);
873) Abhirama ( The depository of Beauty and Grace);
874) Kreedaarama ( engrossed in idyllic games);
875) Parameswari (The Supreme Energy);
876) Nitya Rama (The Permanent);
877) Atmaa Rama  (The Soulful of Engrossement);
878) Krishnaaraama (total consciouness and involvement in Krishna);
879) Rameshwari (The Alternate Manifestation of Lakshmi);
880) Eakaaneka jagat vyaapta ( The Unique and Singular but discernible in multitude Forms);
881) Vishwa leelaa prakaashini (perceptible in universal illusions);
882) Saraswateesha (The superior Form of Devi Saraswati;
883) Durgesha (Another embodiment of Devi Durga),
884) Jagadisha (An alternative materialization of the Universe);
885) Jagadvidhih (The Architect of the World); 
886) Vishnu vamsha nivaasa (Resident of Vishnuvamsha);
887) Vishnu vamsha samudbhava (born of Vishnuvamsha);
888) Vishnu Vamshastuta (She was complemented by the co-members of the Vishnuvamsha);
889) Kartri (equipped with the Power of independent mastery of actions);
890) Sadaa Vishnu vamshaavani ( Engaged in the security of Vishnu vamsha always);
891) Aaraamastha (Happy in resting in the Gardens);
892) Vanastha (Residing in Brindavana);
893) Suryaputryavagaahini (Delighted in bathing Yamuna, the daughter of Surya Deva);
894) Preethistha (Ever-evident in the Form of adoration);
895) Nitya yantrastha ( set up in the Outline of ‘Yantra’);
896) Golokastha (Exists in Goloka);
897) Vibhutida (Provider of affluence);
898) Swaanubhutistha ( She is maretialised in her own experiences);
899) Avyakta ( Invisible);
900) Sarvaloka nivasini (She is spread all over the Worlds);
901) Amrita (Eternal);
902) Adbhuta (mysterious/ Illusory);
(903) Shrimanaarayana samirita ( She is eulogised by Narayana and Lakshmi)
904) Akshara (The Everlasting);
905) Kutastha  ( Orientation of Paramatma);
906) Maha Purushasambhava (She presents to Rishis in myriad forms);
907) Aoudaarya bhava saadhya ( achieved by her sympathetic devotion );
908) Sthula sukshmaati rupini (irrespective of  huge or atomic dimensions but lasting spiritual delight);
909) Sirisha pushpa mridula (softest and most delicate like a sirisha flower);
910) Gangeya mukura prabha (transparent like River Ganga or of a mirror);
911) Neelotpalajithaakshi ( her beautiful eyes decorated with eye-tex excel far better than the glow of Neelkamal);
912) Sadrathna kabaraanvita (her hair tresses ornamented by gems);
913) Prema paryanka nilaya ( she rests comfortably on the bed of love);
914) Tejo-mandala madhyagaa (she is in the center of a brilliant circle of dazzle);
915 ) Krishaanga gopanaabhedaa (She seeks to hide the physique of Krishna by sporting several Rupas);
916) Leelaavarana nayika (She plays the principal role in assuming playful acts of mischief);
917) Sudhaasindhu samullaasa (she whips and whisks the milk-like ocean of love with unlimited excitement and exuberance);
918) Amrita syanda vidhayani (sprays showers of  Nectar on Krishna );
919) Krishnachitta (dedicates her full consciousness to Paramatma);
920) Raasa chitta (concentrates whole-heartedly in the Raasa dance for the delight of Krishna);
921) Prema chitta (focusses her full attention on her love for Krishna);
922) Haripriya (the most beloved of Hari);
923) Achintana guna graamaa (possesses the  distressless features of Achyuta);
924) Krishna leela (the repository of Krishna’s playful activities);
925) Malaaapaha ( cleanses the dirt of mind and sinful attitudes)
926) Raasa sindhu shashanka (Krishna Raasa like the ocean with shimmering form of full-moon);
927) Raasamandala mandini (She is the cynosure of Raasa leelas);
928) Natavrataa (the store house of courtesy);
929) Srihareechha sumurthi (represents Krishna’s wish-list);
930) Suravandita (worshipped by Devas);
931) Gopichudamani (the head-worn ornament of all Gopikas;
932) Gopi ganedhya (extolled by Gopika groups);
933) Virajaadhika (held in higher esteem than by Goloka Shakti  called Viraja);
934) Gopapreshtha (the darling of Krishna);
935) Gopakanya (daughter of Vrishabhanu Gopa);
936) Gopanaari (The Gopa maid);
937) Sugopika (the ideal Gopika);
938) Gopadhaama (The happy resident of Goloka);
939) Sudaamaaba (treats Sudaama as her mother);
940) Gopaali (Gopi);
941) Gopa mohini (intoxicated with Krishna’s love);
942) Gopabhusha (Gopala considered as her nicest ornament);
943) Krishna bhusha  (she is the adorner of Krishna’s ornaments);
944) Shri brindavana chandrika (Krishna,the Full Moon of Brindavana);
945) Veenaadighoshanirata (engrossed in playing ‘veena’ and  other musical instruments);
946) Raasotsava vikaasini (Brightens the Festival of Raasaas);
947) Krishnacheshta (She enjoys imitating Krishna’s playful roles);
948) Aparijnaata ( not possible to recognise others easily);
949) Koti kandarpa mohini (capable of enchanting koti Kamadevas);
950) Shri Krishna guna gaanaadyah (engrossed in singing lyrics in praise of Krisha);
951) Devasundari mohini ( Her beauty attracts all Deva Sundaris);
952) Krishna -chandra manognaa (She is fully conversant with the feelings of Krishna);
953) Krishnadeva Sahodari (Born to Devi Yashoda asYoga Maya);
954) Krishnaabhilaashini (highly desirous of meeting Krishna);
955) Krishna premaanugraha vaanchhini (ever-eager to crave for Krihna’s love and kindness);
956) Kshema (The Form of high security);
957) Mathuraalaapa (seeks to exchange sweet dialogues with Krishna );
958) Bhruvomaya (makes expressions of eyebrows);
959) Subhadrika ( of highly propitious Form);
960) Prakritih ( She represents the soothing powers of Krishna);
961) Paramaananda (of the Form of Supreme Happiness);
962) Neepadrumatalasthita (She likes to stand under a Kadamba tree);
963) Kripaakataaksha (Expressive of mercy to her devotees through her benign looks);
964) Vimbeshti (Her red lips are likened to Vimba fruit);
965) Rambha (called as Rambha since generally indicative of beauty, but far prettier otherwise);
966) Charu nitambini (charmingly buttocked);
967) Smarakelinidhana (The storehouse of Love escapades);
968) Gandatatanka mandita (cheeks ornamented by ear-rings);
969) Hemadri kantiruchira (Magnificent Radha Devi comparable to the golden mountain of Meru emitting  rays of lustre);
970) Premaadhya (full up with Love);
971) Madamanthara (Slow-stepped due to excessive passion);
972) Krishna Chinta (Conscious of Krishna);
973) Prema -chinta  ( Krishna’s charisma);
974) Ratichinta (obsessed with Krishna rati);
975) Krishnada (fulfiller of Krishna prapti);
976) Raasa chitta (possessed with Raasa);
977) bhava chitta  (alongwith Prema bhava;
978) Shuddha chitta (Pure hearted);
979) Maha Rasa ( climaxed Raas);
980) Krishnadrishti thriti yuga (unable to bear a second equalling a Yuga);
981) Drishti pakshma vinindini (controlling sleepless seconds of aching eyes awaiting Krishna);
982) Kandarpa janani (Radha the mother of Manmadha);
983) Mukhya (The Chief);
984) Vaikuntha -gatidayani (Provider of Mukti);
985) Raas bhava (manifested by Raasa);
986) Priyaaslishta (Embraced by Krishna);
987) Preshtha (Krishna’s darling);
988) Prathama nayika (Prime Lover)
989) Shuddhaashuddha Swarupa;
990) Sudhadehini (Like a mother);
991) Shri Rama (As gorgeous as Lakshmi);
992) Rasamanjari;
993) Suprabhava (Well-featured);
994) Shubhaachaara (Noble tradition);
995) Swarnadi Narmadaambika (Mother of Ganga and Narmad);
996) Gomatichandrabhaagedhya (Praised by Gomati and Chandrabhaga )
997) Sarayu Tamraparni suh (She presents Sarayu and Tamraparni Rivers);
998) Nishkalanaka charitra (blemishless);
999) Nirguna (Featureless) and
1000) Niranjana (Nirmala Swarupa)





Over-view of ‘Ashtaadasa’ (eighteen) Puranas


Brahma ‘Maanasa Putra’ Maharshi Marichi approached Lord Brahma to describe the ‘beeja’ (seed), ‘lakshana’ (characteristic), ‘pramaana’ (means of knowledge / contents), ‘vakta’         (Acharya) and ‘shrota’ ( the Listener) of the main line Puranas which provide the knowledge of the ‘Charaachara Jagat’ or the moveable and immoveable Universe. Among all the ‘Kalpas’, there actually was stated to be one Single Purana comprising one hundred crore ‘Shlokas’ (stanzas) with the ‘Four Purusharthas’ of Dharma, Artha, Kama and Mokshas as the ‘bijas’; but Bhagavan Vishnu created Vyasa Muni in each Yugas and the latter in turn condensed the Single Purana with only four lakh Shlokas and distributed it among Eighteen Puranas with varied number of Shlokas among these


In fact, it is stated that the Single Mother Purana continues to be in position in the Deva Lokas. The four-lakh shlokas are sub-divided among the Eighteen Puranas viz. Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, Vishnu Purana, Vayu Purana, Bhagavat Purana, Narada Purana, Markandya Purana, Agni Purana, Bhavishya Purana, Brahma Vaivartha Purana, Linga Purana, Varaaha Purana, Skanda Purana, Vamana Purana, Kurma Purana, Matsya Purana, Garuda Purana and Brahmaanda Purana.

Mahatma Vyas first produced Brahma Purana with the underlying message of Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha and ten thousand ‘Shlokas’. This Purana described about the creation of Devatas, Asuras and Prajapatis like Daksha; about the ‘Vamsa’ (clan) of Bhagavan Surya; the incarnation of Lord Vishnu viz. Shri Rama and of the Epic of Ramayana; about Chandra Vamsa and of another incarnation of Vishnu viz. Shri Krishna; description of ‘Sapta Dwipas’ as also of ‘Bhugola’, the higher lokas and of the Lower Lokas of ‘Pataala’; about the activities in ‘Narakas’; Daksha Yagna and Parvati’s wedding with Maha Deva. In the ‘Uttara Bhaaga’ of the Purana, ‘Tirtha Yatras’ were detailed with special reference to Purushotthama Kshetra; ‘Ashrama Dharmas’ were highlighted and Principles of ‘Vaishnava Dharma’, Yoga / Shankhya Siddhanta, and ‘Brahmavaada Digdarshana’ were explained. The Purana’s ‘Vakta’ was Suta Maha Muni and the ‘Shrota’was Shaunaka Muni. Its ‘pramana’ and ‘lakshanas’are of ‘Bhoga’ (Worldly Pulls and Pressures) while the principal objective is ‘Moksha’. Even reading or listening to the ‘Anukramanika’or the Contents of the Purana would result in the control of ‘Indriyas’or physical and internal organs, while its reading or hearing of it on a Vaishakha Purnima by honouring a Brahmana with Bhojan, and charities especiallyof a cow and gold ornament would assure attainment of Brahma loka.
Padma Purana has five ‘khandas’ symbolising ‘Panchendriyas’wherein Maharshi Pulastya delineated to Bhishma the details in ‘Srishti Khanda’of Creation of Brahma as well as  by Brahma of  Eight Vasus, Eleven Rudras, Twelve Adityas, Forty Nine Maruganas, Fourteen Manus, Sapta Rishis and Pitras and so on besides of Pushkara and other Tirthas, Brahma Yagna, Veda paath lakshanas, Pitraas and Shraaddha Vidhana. In ‘Bhumi Khanda’, Pitru Bhakti and the illustration of Shiva Sharma were cited; Vritrraasura vadha; Prudhu / Vena and Sunita’s tales, the interesting examples of Nahuha, Yayati, Chyavana Muni and Parrot Kunjal, Significancre of Tirthas etc. too were covered. ‘Swarga Khanda’, was about Tirtha Yatras especially to the neighbouring places of Narmada, Kurukshetra, Kalindi, and Kashi, In ‘Patalala Khand’, the highlights were of Ramayana and Krishaayana, while Bhagavad Gita Mahatmya and of the rest of Avataaraas of Vishnu were vividly depicted in ‘Uttara Khanda’. Veneration of a Brahmana on a Jyeshtha Purnima with Bhojan and daanaas bestows the fruits of reading, hearing and meditating of Padma Purana.

Vishnu Purana comprising twenty three thousand ‘Shlokas’ is considered as a demolisher of past and present sins. The naarator of the Purana was Shakti Nandan Muni Parashara and the ‘Shrota’ was Maharshi Maitraya. In the ‘Poorva Bhaaga’, six major ‘Amshas’ or aspects were covered of which the First Amsha concerned with ‘Adi karana Sarga (Primary Creation), ‘Devotpatthi’, ‘Samudra Madhana’, narratives of Dhruva, Pruthu, Praachatesa, and Prahlada. The Second ‘Amsha’ described the account of Priyavrata who demarcated the Earth into Sapta Dwipas; depiction of the under-sea worlds of Pataala etc. as also of Seven Swargas; the movements of ‘Grahas’Planets), ‘Bharata charitra’, ‘Mukti Marga Nidarshana’ etc. The third Amsha referred to Manvantyaras, importance of Karma kanda, Shraddhas etc. Portrayal of Surya vamsha and Chandra Vamsha Kings was attempted in the fourth Amsha. In the Fifth Amsha, vivid accounts were given on Shri Krishna’s childhood ‘leelaas’, youthful acts of ‘Dushta Sikshana’ and ‘Sishta Rakshana’, his weddings, overnight transfer of the residents of Mathura to Dwarakaa etc. A picture of Kali Yuga, four kinds of Pralayas and Gyanopadesha of Brahma Tatwa were the underscores of the Sixth Amsha. In the ‘Uttara Bhaga’ of Vishnu Purana, Suta Maha Muni gave narrations to Shounaka Muni concerning various chronicles on Dharma titled ‘Vishnu Dharmottaraas’such as Punya Vratas, Yama-Niyamas, Dharma Shastra, Artha Shastra, Vedanta, Jyotisha, Vamsha Varna Prakarana, Stotras, Mantras and all other ‘Sadhanas’(means). This Vishnu Purana tries to cover all significant ‘Siddhantas’ of Shastras which Veda Vyasa considered fit for attaining Moksha. Those who read or hear the Vishnu Purana with reverence and earnestness would both secure the ‘Ihika’ or Worldly and ‘Amushmika’ or Other Worldy desires most certainly. If a devotee would write down or get it transcribed by others and donate a cow to a Vishnu Bhakta Brahmana on a Purnima of Ashadha Month would be readily qualified for Vishnu Loka after the end of his/her life!Even a mere perusal of the Contents of Vishnu Purana would help with encouraging results.

With twenty four thousand Shlokas scripted into it by Vayu Deva himself, the Vayu Purana yields the fruits of propitiousness by its reading, or having it read. Comprising two parts of ‘Poorva’ and ‘Uttara’, the Purana gives an effective delineation of the means of obtaining Salvation. In the Poorva Bhagaa, the features of Sarga (Creation) are vividly expressed, besides the descriptions of the different ‘Manvantaras’ and Kingships especially of Gayasura and of his extermination. The significance of ‘Masaas’ has been discussed, declaring that the month of ‘Maagha’ as the best. ‘Daana Dharmas’ and ‘Raja Dharmas’ have been dilated at length. Also, narrations about Prithvi, Pataal, Dishas and Aakaash have been made in some detail in the Poorva Bhaaga.The Uttara Bhaaga of the Vayu Purana contains ‘Shiva Samhita’ and is fully depictive of the Sacred River of Narmada and surroundings. It is stated that this River was materialised from Bhagavan Shiva’s Body and was the confluence of Brahma and Vishnu too. It is further stated that the northern bank of Narmada comprised the devotees of Rudra and the southern bank of the River by Vishnu Bhakas. From the famed Omkareshwara Kshetra towards the west leading to the Sea, there are as many as thirty five ‘Sangamas’ of which  eleven are positioned on the nothern bank and twenty three on the southern bank; the thirtyfifth sangam is said to be at the Maha Sangam of Narmada and the Sea. In fact, there are as many as four hundred Tirthas on either side of the banks including those at the Sangamas, although there really were stated to have existed sixty crore and odd dotting along the River lines! Those who write the Vayu Purana in full and donate a cow alongwith jaggery on Sravana Purnima to a Vedic Brahmana and his family would reside in Rudra Loka during the ensuing fourteen Indratvas.

Brahma Deva informed Maricha Maha Muni about the excellence of Shrimad Bhagavata Purana which had eighteen thousand Shlokas and assured that it was like a ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ with twelve branches represented by each ‘Skanda’or Chapter. Veda Vyasa was the author of the Purana and ‘shrotas’ or listeners were several. The Opening Skanda, as reported by Suta Maha Muni to a congregation headed by Shounaka Muni, dealt with King Parithkshit’s request to Suka Muni, the illustrious son of Veda Vyasa, to preach as much knowledge of Dharma and awareness of the Supreme Power as possible within a week’s time since the King was cursed by Samika Rishi’s son that Parikshit would die within a week due to snake bite; the King did the indescretion of hanging a dead serpent around the neck of the Muni who was in Tapasya.The second Skanda explained the concept of the Gross and Minute manifestations of Paramatma, the analysis of ‘Maha Tatwas’- the Causes of ‘Srishti’(Creation). The third Skanda described the dialogues between Vidura of Maha Bharata fame and Maharshi Maitreya about the procedure of Creation by Brahma as well as of Kapila Maharshi’s narrative of Sankhya Yoga. The fourth Skanda depicted the process of ‘Visarga’(Secondary Creation) and referred to the Stories of Devi Sati and Daksha Yagna, of Dhruva, King Prutha all in the context of Manus and Prajapatis and happenings during these time-frames. The fifth Skanda covered the history of Prajapati Priyavrata and progeny, demarcation of Sapta Dwipas, description of Planets and Narakas etc.The sixth Skanda covered the Story of the illustrious Brahmana called Ajamila, Daksha Prajapati’s creation, the termination of Vritrasura and creation of Marudganas. Prahlada charitra and varnashrama dharma as also the’dos’ and don’t’s by way of ‘Karma’ were discussed in the seventh Skanda. Gajendra Moksha, Samudra mathana, King Bali and his control through Vishnu’s Avatara as Vamana and Matsyavatara were described in the Ashtama Skanda. The Ninth Skanda dealt with Surya vamsha and Chandra vamsha Kings. The Tenth and Eleventh Skandas depicted the totality of Krishna’s Avatar covering the Bala Leelas, escapades of Youth, extermination of Adharma and revival of Dharma, Happenings at Dwaraka, his extraordinary role on Bharata Battle, Prabhasa Kshetra, Udbhava Geeta and the end of Yadu Vamsha. The final and the Twelfth Skanda described the accounts of subsequent Kings, the end of Parikshit, Markandeya Tapasya, the magnificence of Surya Deva and winding up by Suta Maha Muni by the aspects of Moksha prapti. Those desirous of higher achievements of Bhakti would do well by organising Maha Bhagavata ‘Pathana’/ ‘Pravachana’ and ‘Shravana’ by a virtuous Brahmana on Bhadrapada Purnima and perform ‘Puja’to the Vakta along with Suvarna Daana/ Vastra daana.

Narada Purana comprised twenty five thousand Shlokas based on Brihad Kalpa Katha. Narrated by Suta Maha Muni to Shounaka Muni, the Purana was basically conceived by Brahmarshi Narada himself but preached by Sanaka Brothers to Narada. The earlier part of the Purana dealt with ‘Pravritti Dharma’ and the second part was devoted to ‘Moksha Dharma’. Sanandana described at length the Six Vedangaas as Moksha Sadhanas and about the illustration of Suka Deva in this context. The Third Part gave ‘Upadeshas’ to Narada by Sanat Kumara about ‘Pashu paasha vimoksha’ and Mantras concerning major Deities, Diksha, Puja procedures, Stotras etc. The fourth Part provided details of tithi-wise and Maasa-wise Vratas as also an Index of ‘Ashtadasha Puranas’. The ‘Uttara Bhaga’ of the Purana gave details of Ekadasha Vratas, Vasishtha-Mandhata Samvada, King Rukmanga and Mohini, curse to Mohini, her revival and her exposure to Tirtha Yatras. Sincere study and ‘shravana’ of the Purana on Ashwin Purnima followed by Puja to a Brahmana with daanas of seven cows, clothing and so on would surely pave the way to Salvation.

Markandeya Purana has nine thousand Shlokas and the various ‘Dharma Sandehas’ or doubts related to the practice of Virtue-oriented Principles raised by the Sage Jaimini to Mahatma Markandeya were referred by the latter to Holy Birds, who were the sons of Sage Vipulaswan viz. Sukrish and Thumbaru in their past life; the Muni cursed the sons to turn as birds as they refused his instruction to be eaten by Indra who appeared as a bird and demanded human flesh at the Muni’s Yagna. Sage Jaimini’s doubts were cleared by the Holy Birds as to why Devi Draupadi consented to marry all the Pandava brothers, why Bala Rama had to atone for the sin of ‘Brahmahatya’and why were the defenceless sons of Draupadi killed by Ashvatthaama, the learned son of Dronaacharya. Having been satisfied by the replies of the Birds, Sage Jaimini sought to be enlightened by several other topics related to the exemplary Harischandra who stood firm to follow Dharma and Satya; the rivalry of Sages Vasishtha and Vishwamitra resulting in mutual curses to become birds; the story of the better enlightened ‘Jatismara’ Sumati with the knowledge of previous birth than his father Mahamati and the son’s ‘pravachana’or teachings about the aftermath of life, its recyclings, classification of hells and their experiences; retributions and rewards of human deeds; the great examples of Kaushiki and Anasuya as Pativratas; the Story of Dattatreya and Kartaveeryarjuna; King Alarka and Queen Mother Madalasa, Yoga Siddhis, the Accounts of Fourteen Manus; Devi Mahatmya and Surya Deva Mahatmya/ Surya Vamsha headlights. Those who read, hear and annotate the Purana and pay reverences to a virtuous Brahmana on a Kartika Purnami day by gifting a golden ‘Pratima’ with an enbossed elephant would qualify  Shiva Loka.

Agni Purana was addressed by Agni Deva himself to Sage Vasishta through fifteen thousand Shlokas describing Ishaana-Kalpa. It provided an account of ‘Dashavataras’at length followed by Agni Karyas, Mantras, DikshaVidhanas and Abhishekas. Then the details of Mandala Lakshanas, Devalaya vidhi, Shalagrama puja, Deva Pratishtha, Bhugola and Khagola Varnana, Shatkarmas, Yantra, Mantra, Shat prakara Nyasa, Koti homa vidhi, shraaddha vidhi, Griha Yagnas, Shrouta Smaarta Karmas; Maasa-Tithi- Vaara-Nakhatra Vratas; Sandhya / Gayatri Vandana; Rajyabhisheka vidhi; Swapna/ Shakuna phalas; various Shant Mantras and Procedures; Dhanur vidya, Ayurveda, Yoga and  Vedangas like Vyakarana, Chhandas, Sahitya, Jyotisha etc. Agni Purana Vachana, Pathana, Manana and Lekhana-hearing, reading, cogitating, and writing- on Margasirsha Purnima and daana of ‘pratimaas’/ idols of golden lotus and cow with tilas would yield the ‘Punya’to secure fulfillment of desires in ‘Iham’ or the on-going life and ‘Param’ / Swarga Prapti thereafter.
Bhavishya Purana which contained fourteen thousand Shlokas was originally recited by Brahma to Narada to Veda Vyasa to his disciple Sage Sumantu. The Purana is divided into five Parts viz. ‘Brahma Parva’, ‘Vaishnava Parva’, ‘Shaiva Parva’, ‘Soura Parva’and ‘Prati Sarga Parva’.The highlights of the Purana are Sacred Rites, Varnashrama Dharmas, Vratas including Ganesh Chaturthi, Naga Panchami, Skanda Shashthi, Ratha Saptami, Suryoraadhana, Agni Homa vidhi, over-view of Yugas, Satya Narayana Vrata; the advent of Jesus Christ and Prophet Muhammad, Revival efforts of Hindu Dharma, Shankara and Ramanuja Acharyas, Mughal Empire, Victoria and  British Rule and finally various Vratas in prevalence. Veneration to the Purana is best done by reading, writing and Pravachana on Pousha Purnima and paying respects to learned Brahmanas along with daanas of gold ornaments, clothing and bhojan.

Brahma Vaivarta Purana scripted by Veda Vyasa consisted of eighteen thousand Shlokas and divided into four ‘Khandaas’ viz. Brahma Khanda, Prakriti Khanda, Ganesha Khanda and Shri Krishna Khanda; it underlined the identity of Shiva and Vishnu. In fact Narada prayed to Bhagavan Saavarni and the fact of one-ness of Shiva and Vishnu was over-emphasised. Addressing the congregation of Munis, Suta Maha Muni commenced with ‘Srishti Varnana’, Origin of Vishnu from the body of Shri Krishna, background of Radha, Gopas and Gopikas, and Creation of animate and inanimate beings. In Prakriti Khanda, the Mahatmyas of Devis Durga, Radha, Lakshmi and Sarasvati were given; besides narrations of and Savitri Satyavan, Surabhi, Swaha and Sudha, Surata, Ganga Mahatmya, Ramayana and worship of Lakshmi. In Ganesha Khanda, the supremacy of Ganesha was extolled at length, besides covering the accounts of Jamadagni, Parashurama, and Kartaveeryarjuna. Shri Krishna Khanda was totally devoted to Krishna’s childhood leelaas, his youth and romantic accounts, his adventures in destroying evil forces and saving the virtuous, his key role on the context of Maha Bharata etc. This Sacred Purana is highly worthy of reading, concising, writing and worshipping especially on Magha Puranami. Charity to a Vidwan by way of Pratyaksha Godaan would grant the donor with Brahmaloka praapti and cotentment as long as one lived on Earth.

Highlighting Bhagavan Shiva’s extraordinary magnificence, Linga Purana was written by Veda Vyasa but as conceived by Maha Deva Himself with some eleven thousand ‘shlokas’. At the commencement of the Purana, Creation of Universe was depicted followed by ‘yogaakhyaan’ and ‘kalpaakyaan’. ‘Linga pradurbhaav’ (emergence of Linga) and procedure of worship was explained later on. Subsequently, the Story of Muni Dadhichi, exposition of ‘Yuga Dharma’, description of ‘Bhuvana kosha’ or the World, as also details of Surya Vamsha and Chandra Vamsha were scripted. This was followed by the depiction of ‘Linga Pratishtha’or formal set-up of Linga with Mantras as also the discussion of ‘Pashu-paasha vimokshana’ or salvation of human bondage. The topics of Shiva Vrata, ‘Sadaachara’, ‘prayaschitta’and ‘Shrishaila’ Temple visit were also covered. The destruction Andhakasura and Jalandhara were described as also the ‘Avataras’ of Vishnu as Varaha and Nrisimha. The devastation of ‘Daksha Yajna’, the blazing of Manmadha and the wedding of Shiva and Parvati were covered. The sacred ‘Shiva Sahasrtanaamaas’were rendered, besides description of Ganesha Mahatmya and Shiva Tandava. In the Uttariya Bhaga, the Vishnu and Shiva Mahatmyas were given. Then followed the coverages of Snaana, Yaaga, daana, Shraaddha and Shiva Puja ‘Mahimas’. Pratishthaapana mantras, Aghora kirtana, Vajresdwara Maha Vidya, Gayatri Mahima, Triambika Mahatmya and such other topics too got extensive coverage.Those Shiva Bhaktas who would read, reproduce, reflect and render the most auspicious Linga Purana on any day but most certainly on Phalguna Purnima day would certainly yield considerable returns. If these deeds are accompanied by charity of ‘tila dhenu’ (cow) either as a Pratima or better still in a live form would definetely accomplish ‘Shiva Sayujya’.

Varaha Purana scripted by Veda Vyasa with twenty four thousand stanzas divided into two Parts and was dominated by high Vishnu-consciousness. Initiated with a conversation between Bhagavan Varaha and Devi Prithvi, the Purana covered the exemplary devotion displayed by Kings Priyavrata, Ashwasira, and Vasuas well as Sages like Raibhya and Gomukh. After ‘Shraddha’ Kalpa, accounts of concerned Deities governing specified days were described for instance Agni on Pratipada, Aswini Kumars on Dwitiya, Devi Gauri on Triteeya, Ganesha on Chaturthi, Naga Devatas on Panchami, Kartikeya on Shashthi, Surya Deva on Saptami, Ashta Matrikas on Ashtami, Durga on Navami, ‘Dasa Dishas’ on Dashami, Dwadasi on Vishnu and ten incarnations, Dharma Purusha on Trayodasi, Chaturdasi on Rudra Deva, Amavasya on Pitaras, and Moon on Purnima. Then various ‘Vratas’, ‘Daanas’, and Tirtha Yatras/ Punya Khestras were discussed in the Purana. The portrayal of Bhu Devi’s rescue from the clutches of demon Hiranyaksha by Varaha Murti, which indeed was the main Subject matter of the Purana, was described very effectively.The Purana was indeed the Kalpa Vriksha of Vratas and Tirtha Yatras aside from ‘Daana Mahimas’. Its veneration on Chaitra Purnima with its reading, writing, and memorising contents, along with ‘daana’ of a golden ‘Garuda’ should help secure Vaikuntha to Bhaktas.

The largest and one of the most popular of Puranas which was dominated by Bhagavan Shiva viz. the Skanda Purana also called as Kartika Purana has eighty one thousand Shlokas, divided by Veda Vyasa into Seven ‘Khandas’viz. Maheswara Khanda, Vishnu Khanda, Brahma Khanda, Kasi Khanda, Avantya Khanda, Nagara Khanda and Prabhasa Khanda. A bird’s eye-view of the entire Purana includes Kedara Mahatmya, Daksha Yagna, Shiva Linga Puja, Samudra Mathana, Shiva-Parvati’s wedding, birth of Skandha, carnage of Tarakasura, Panchalinga Sthapana, Appearance of Maha Kaal, significance of various Tirthas like Arunaachala, Venkataachala, Purushottama Kshetra, Badari Kshetra; of the months of Kartika, Margashira and Vaishakha; and of the Mahatmya of Ayodhya, Rameswara, and Dharmaranya, Kashi, Avanti, Prabhhasa and Dwaraka; Shiva Mantra-Shiva Ratri-Shiva Pradosha and Shiva Kavacha etc. Perhaps the best coverage of Tirthas all over Bharat was attempted in Skanda Purana. Those who reproduce the entire Skanda Purana as scripted by Veda Vyasa and gift it to a deserving Vedic Pandita along a golden ‘Trishul’(Trident) on a Magha Purnima day should indeed be blessed with ‘Shivaloka prapti’.

Containing ten thousand ‘Shlokas’Vamana Purana was originally conceived by Maharshi Pulasthya and advised Narada about it and the latter passed it on to Veda Vyasa, while Vyasa imparted it to his disciple Romaharshana with the instruction of reciting it at the congregation of Munis at Naimisharanya headed by Maha Muni Shaunaka. This Purana has two Parts; the former Part opened with the coverage of slitting Brahma’s fifth head, Kapala mochana and destruction of Daksha Yagna. The subsequent contents included ‘Madana Dahana’, Prahlada-Narayana battle, the big conflict of Devas and Danavas, the Story of Sukeshi and Surya, Kaamya Vrata, Durga Charitra, Tapati Charitra, Kurukshetra, the birth of Parvati, the wedding of Tapati, the Stories of Gauri, Kaushiki, Kumara, and Jabala; Siva’s battle with and killing of Andhakasura and former’s request to Shiva to provide him with full-fledged Ganatwa; birth of Marudganaas; the tales of King Bali, Lakshmi, Trivikrama etc. In the ‘Uttara Bhaaga’, there are four ‘Samhitas’ pertaining to Maaheswari, Bhagavati, Souri, and Jnaneswari. In the MaaheswariSamhita, there was a vivid description of Shri Krishna and his devotees. In the Bhagavati Samhita, Jagadamba’s delineation was provided, while in the Souri Samhita, Bhagavan Surya’s Mahatmya was explained from the view point of destruction of sins. In the Ganeswari Samhita, there were the significant explanations about the extraordinary powers of Ganesha and Bhagavan Shankara. Reproduction of the text of Vamana Purana during ‘Sharat kaala’ and perform ‘ghrita dhenu’daana would redeem ‘Pitras’from ‘narakas’to Swarga and the devotee himself would reach ‘Vishnupada’after his end of life.

Kurma Purana with seventeen thousand ‘Shlokas’divided into four Samhitas was essentially a Vishnu dominated ‘Grandha’ of great significance. Brahma introduced this Purana to Maharshi Marichi about several Principles of Virtue targetting the attainment of the Four Purusharthas of Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. In the ‘Poorva Bhaaga’of the Purana there were covrages of Bhagavan Kurma and Maharshi’s conversation, Varnaashrama Principles, Creation of Universe, outline of the method of ‘Kaala Sankhya, Shankara Charitra, Parvati Sahasra naama, Yoga, Bhrigu Vamsha, Creation of Swayamshu Manu and lineage, Dahsha Yagna and its destruction, Daksha Srishti, Muni Kashyapa and progeny, Atri Vamsha, Shri Krishna-Markandeya Samvad (conversation), Vyasa-Pandava Samvad, Yuga dharmas, Mahatmya of Kasi and Prayaga, and the effectiveness of ‘Vaidika Shaakhaa’ or the Following of Veda practioners.In the ‘Uttara Bhaaga’of the Purana, there were the Ishwariya Gita and Vyasa-Gita, and Instructions on Dharmic Principles. This was followed by ‘Brahma Samhita’ covering ‘Prati Sarga’or Universal Destuction and Renewal. In ‘Bhagavati Samhita’, there are five Parts, the first four Parts being devoted to the four Varnas of Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudras and their respective duties; the fifth Varna viz. of ‘sankara’ or mixed origin was also prescribed of duties by following so that the persons concerned might be shifted to higher levels in future births. The third Samhita called ‘Souri Samhita’ which teaches ‘Shat-karma bodha’ and the Fourth one entitled ‘Vaishnavi Samhita’ is a Guide to accomplishing ‘Moksha’. This Purana is an excellent exposition of the established Principles of Dharma and a comprehensive Guide to the pure and devout Hindus seeking ‘Uttama Gati’ or the most appropriate Route to Salvation. This Sacred Purana is best read, heard and written on a day of Solar Movement from Southern direction to Northern (Uttaraayana day) or vice versa called Dakshinaayana and give away charity of a golden ‘Kurma’ to a Vedic Brahmana.

Matsya Purana again scripted by Veda Vyasa over fourteen thousand ‘Shlokas’ commenced with the discussion between Matsya Deva and Manu, and continued with description of Brahmanda (Universe), Creation of Brahma, Devas, Asuras; emergence of Marud Ganaas, Manvantaras, King Pruthu, Creation of Surya and Vaivaswata Muni, Pitru Vamsha, Shraadhha kaal, creation of Soma and his vamsha, King Yayati, Kaartaveeryaarjuna, Bhrigu’s curse, Vishnu’s ten incarnations, Praise of Puru Vamsha, Hutaashana Vamsha, Nakshatra Vrata, Purusha Vrata, Martandashayana Vrata, Kishnaashtami Vrata, Ananata Triteeya Vrata etc. besides Graha Shanti, Shiva Chaturdahi, Sarva Phala tyaaga, Sankrasti Snaan, Shashthi Vrata Mahatmya, Snaana Vidhi, Antariksha gamana, Dhruva Mahima,  Shreshtha Pitara Mahima, Shiva-Parvati wedding, Kartika’s birth, Tarakaasura’s extermination, the Story of Nrisimha, Vaaranasi / Narmada Mahatmya, Vaastu Vidya, Deva Mandira Nirmaana, future Kings etc. This highly virtuous Purana is conducive to excellent health, extension of life, securing fame and name, and fulfillment of wishes. Pathana, Shravana, Lekhana, Manana and Kirtana of this Purana as well as daana of a golden Pratima of Matsya to an erudite Brahmana also with Go-daana at ‘Vishuva Yoga’ would result in ‘Vishnu dhaama praati’.

Garuda Purana was Vishnu Deva’s sermon to Mahatma Garuda, as conveyed by Brahma to Maharshi Marichi and it contained nineteen thousand ‘Shlokas’. At the beginning of the Purana in the ‘Purva Bhaaga’, there was brief introduction of ‘Srishti’and was followed by the Puja of Surya Deva and other Deities, Diksha Vidhi or procedure of assuming Diksha or disciplined way of life; Shraadda Puja, Nava Vyuha Puja, Vaishnava Panjara, Yogaadhyaaya, Vishnu Sahasra naama kirtana, Vishnu Dhyaana, Surya Puja, Mrityunjaya Puja, Maalaa Mantra, Gopala Puja, Trailokya mohana Shridhara Puja, Vishnu-Archa, Pancha Tatwaarcha, Deva Puja, Sandhyopaasana, Durgaarchana, Maheswara Puja, Sarva Deva Pratishtha, Ashtaanga Yoga, Daanadharma, Praayaschitta vidhi, Naraka varnana, Jyotisha, Saamudrika Shastra, Swara Jnaana, Nutana Ratna pariksha, Tirtha Mahaatmya, Gaya Mahatmya, Pitaropaakhyaana, Varna Dharma, Ashrama, Preta shuddhi, Niti Shastra, Vratha katha (story), Surya/Chandra Vamsha, Shrihari Avataara katha, Ramayana, Hari Vamsa, Bhaaraataakhyana, Ayurveda, Chikitsa, Dravyaguna, Roga naashakaVishnu Kavacha, Garuda Kavacha, Traipura Mantra, Prashna chudaamani, Vyakarana, Chhanda, Tarpana, Bali Vaishva Deva, Sandhya, Paarvana Karma, Nitya Shaaddha, Sapindana, Dharmasaara, Praayaschittha (atonement of sins), karma phala, Yogashastra, Vishnu Bhakti, Nrisimha Stotra,  Vishnvarchana stotra, Vedanta / Saankhya siddhanta, Brahma Gyana, Atmaananda, and Geetaasaara. The Uttara Khanda starts off with Preta Kalpa varnana. Asked about Dharma, Bhagavan Vishnu explained about the route to ‘Urthwa lokas’ or the higher destinations and the performance well defined acts of Virtue including Shodasa Shraaddhas, ‘daanaas’etc. Then were scripted the route to Yamaloka, the wretched experiences on way, ‘Preta’s’ features, ‘sapindikarana’, ‘pretatwa mukti’, the erstwhile deeds of help rescuing the Preta from various torments, Yama loka varnana, determination of sins or good deeds, effectiveness of follow-up deeds by progeny performing the rites after the death under reference, Madhya shodasda shraaddha, proactive deeds to enable ‘swarga prapti’ of the deceased, ‘sutaka dina sankhya’or the number of ‘Asuchi’ depending on the relationship to the deceased, Narayana bali karma, Vrishotsarga Mahatmya, Nishidha karma tyaga, criteria for Swarga Prapti, etc. The Purana also gives accounts of the seven under worlds, five upper worlds as also of Brahmanda Charitra, Pralayas, ever-repetitive cycles of birth and deaths etc. Reading, writing, hearing, thinking and imagining of post-life experiences of the contents of Purana during ‘Vishuva’ Yoga time along with charity of a golden swan to a Brahmana would help reduce the severity of sins.

Brahmanda Purana with twelve thousand ‘Shlokas’ has four Parts titled ‘Prakriya paada’, ‘Anushanga paada’, ‘Upodghata paada, and ‘Upa samhaara paada’. The first two Paadaas are considered as ‘Purvi Bhaga’ and the latter two as ‘Uttari Paada’. The Prakriya paada narrrates Instructions on Duties, description of ‘Naimisha’or the popular Forest Place of the Congregation of Rishis, Creation of Hiranyagarbha, formation of Lokas, etc.The Second Part gives a picture of Kalpas and Manvantaras, Lokagyana, Creation of human beings, Creation by Rudra, Rishi Sarga, Agni Vijaya, Kaala sadbhaava, Priyavrata’s vamsha, Prithvi’s length and breadh, Bharata Varsha, Sapta Dwipas, the under-world of seven regions like Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Rasatala, Patala etc; Bhurbhuvah like upper Lokas, details of Grahas (Planets) and their features, Adityavyuha’s description, Devagraha anukeertana, the incident of how Shiva became ‘Neela Kantha’, Amavasya varnana, Yuga tatwa, Yana pravartana, features of human beings as per Yugas, Rishi pravara varnan, Swayambhu Manu’s details, the chronicle of the rest of Manus, etc. In the ‘Upodghaata Paada’, there are the detyails of Sapta Rishis, Prajapatis, Marudganaas, Kashyapa’s progeny, Rishi Vamsha, Pitru Kalpa, Shraadha Kalpa, emergence of Vaiwaswata Muni, the lineage of Manus, Ikshvaku Vamsha, Atri Vamsha, Amaavasu Vamsha, the tale of Yayati, Yadu Vamsa, Kaartaveerya, Parashu Rama, Vrishni Vamsha, Sagara charitra, Krishnaavataara, Bali Vamsha, and depiction of future Kings on the Earth. In the Uttara Bhaaga of the Brahmaanda Purana, there are descriptions of Upasamhaara Paada including ‘Pralaya’ (The Great Dissolution), Time measurements, account of Fourteen ‘Bhuvanas’/ worlds, sins and the resultant hells, practice of virtue and attainment of ‘Shiva dhaam’.

Who should read Puranas! Lord Brahma told Maharshi Marichi that basically Bhagavan Vishnu bestowed a Single Purana to him which was of the volume of crores of Shlokas; Brahma passed on to Vasishtha Maharshi who in turn gave away to Parasara Muni and the latter pronounced it aloud and Vayu Deva carried it to Veda Vyasa. Vyasa selected only four lakh stanzas and disrtibuted these among Eighteen Puranas. These were sketched for ‘Loka Kalyan’ and even these highly abridged versions are apparently tough to digest. It is believed that a person who could read, hear, reproduce, annotate and assimilate all the Eighteen Puranas in full as written by Veda Vyas should have no rebirth into this ‘Samsara’once again. Besides, this kind of ideal person, should practise the Sacred Principles enunciated among them. In any case, the contents of any or all Puranas should not be preached to a ‘daambhik’ (vainglorious), ‘Paapaachari’ (sinful), unbearable of Devas, Gurus and the Virtuous and to ‘shath’ (stubborn) persons. Only those who are self-controlled, matured, good-featured and God-fearing should be specially invited and inspired to inculcate interest in the Puranas and their contents


Narada Purana Phala Shruti

Narada Purana is considered as a Guide to Shastras and is best read or heard in Shivaalayaas, Vishnu Mandirs, other Temples, Gatherings of Devotees, Punya Kshetras, Tirthas, Holy River banks, Fasting days, Vratas, Jaagarans, Yagnas and so on. In this Purana, descriptions were made about ‘Punya Karyas’or Deeds of Propitiousness, fruits of Meditation, ‘Upavasaas’ etc. References were made to Mantras; Vedangas like Siksha, Kalpa, Vyakarana, Nirukta, Chhandas, and Jyotisha. Details of Month-wise Dwadashi Vratas, Tithi-wise Vratas in each ‘Maasa’ especially Ekadashi Vrata Mahima were given

‘Daana Mahatmya’ was given as an essential under-current of the Purana. Just as Ganga is the best of Rivers, Pushkar is the best of Sarovaras, Kasi is the best of Sacred Places, Meru is the best of Mouantains, Narayana is the best of Trimurtis as sin-destroyers, Satya is the best of Yugas, Sama Veda is the best of Vedas, cow is the best of animals, Brahmana is the best of Varnas, ‘Anna and Jal’are the best forms of charities, Margasirsha is the best of Months, Lion is the best of animals, Humans are the best of species, Peepal is the best of trees, Prahlad is the best of Daityas, face is the best of physical limbs, Ucchhaishrava is the best of horses, Vasant is the best of Seasons, Sesha is the best of Serpents, Aryama is the best of Pitaras, Dhanush is the best of Astras, Pavaka is the best of Vasus, Vishnu is the best of Dwadasha Adityas, Indra is the best of Devas, Kapi is the best of Siddhas, Brihaspati is the best of Purohitas, Arjun is the best of Pandavas, Hanuman is the best of Bhaktas, Kusha is the best of grasses, Chitraratha is the best of Gandharvas, lotus is the best of flowers, Urvashi is the best of Apsaras and gold is the best of metals, Narada Purana is stated to be the best of Puranas, since this is the best means of attaining the four Purushaarthas viz. Dharma, Artha, Kaama and Mokshas. Whether it is a Bhakta of Ganesha, an Upasaka of Surya Deva, a Vishnu Bhakta, an Upasika of Shakti, or a Shiva Bhakta, Narada Purana has universal appeal and interest. Whether a Purusha or a Stree, sincere reading or hearing of the Purana would fulfil their very desires and remove those very hurdles that they wish to. This outstanding Purana ensures that illnesses never bother the bhaktas, fears never reach their boundaries, nor defeats in life never allow them to occur.On the other hand, this Purana facilitates virtue, fulfilllent of desires, growth in career, achievement of name and fame, provision of good health, mental satisfaction, social status, all round victory and the boon of excellent health. Those who read the ‘Yugala Sahasra naama Stotra of Radha-Krishna’ with patience and devotion would be free from the worst possible sins; their mental strength would get enhanced and the conciousness of Paramatma versus Prakriti would elevate the devotee to higher levels of their interaction.
The ‘Phala Shruti’of Narada Purana shall certainly inculcate the awareness of that Supreme Shakti which creates the Universe with Rajo Guna, preserves it with Satwa Guna and terminates it with Tamo Guna; of that Super Soul to whose heights of yogis or Siddhas or Maharshis or Lokapalas or Devas could not reach their Celestial Visions; and of that Indesructible, Infinite and Incandescent Paramatma.
Shivam Shaiva vadantyenam pradhanam Sankyha vedinah,
Yoginah Purusham Vipraah karma Meemaamsakaa janaah/
Vibhum Vaiseshikaadyascha chichhintam Shakti chintakaah,
Brahmaadviteeyam tatdwandey naanaa rupa kriyaaspadam/
(I salute that Unique Paramatma whom Shivopaasakas call as Shiva; ‘Saakyha vettaas’address him as Pradhana; Yogis call as Purusha; Meemaamsakas meditate as ‘Karma’or means of Attainment ; ‘Vaiseshika’ followers consider as ‘Adya Shakti’and various others meditate in different ‘Rupas’ and ‘Kriyas’as Adviteeya Brahma.).
 HARI NAAMAIVA NAAMAIVA NAAMAIVA MAMA JEEVANAM
KALOW NAASTHYEVA NAASTHYEVA NAASTHYEVA GATIRANYATHA/
(BHAGAVAN HARI’S NAME ONLY, HIS NAME ONLY, AND HIS NAME ONLY IS MY LIFE. IN KALI YUGA, THERE IS NO OTHER, NO OTHER, NO OTHER OPTION!)



 






Om Tat Sat

End of Narada Purana



(My humble salutations to  the lotus feet of Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Mahaswamy ji and also my humble greatulness to  Brahmasree Sreeman V D N Rao ji  for the collection)

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